The 5 Main Risk Factors That Cause Heel Pain

Heel Pain is a common problem that can produce much discomfort in your daily life. Many people are unaware of the causes and risk factors that contribute to heel pain and are therefore unsure how to treat this issue properly. If you have pain in your heel or under the arch of your foot then it will likely be caused by plantar fasciitis, inflammation of the fibrous band of tissue (fascia) that connects the base of your toes with your heel bone (calcaneus). Read on to find out the five main risk factors that contribute to the cause of heel pain and how you can eliminate them.

The symptom associated with heel pain frequently includes feeling the pain once you take a few steps when you first get out of bed in the morning. This is because the most common presentation of planter fasciitis is pain in the heel, which radiates to the inside of the sole of your foot. The good news is that after a few minutes, once the foot is warmed up the pain may ease. Prolonged periods of standing on your feet may cause the pain to recur throughout the day.

The five main risk factors that contribute to the causes of heel pain are:

  1. Being overweight
  2. Being female
  3. Having a job that involves prolonged standing or walking on hard surfaces
  4. Having flat feet or a extremely high foot arch
  5. Abnormal foot biomechanics while walking.

In order to effectively manage plantar fasciitis and minimise or eliminate the causes of heel pain, your physiotherapist can do the following:

  • Reduce the inflammation and pain in your foot through various methods such as icing, ultrasound and electrotherapy
  • Analyse your foot biomechanics while walking and suggest exercises to strengthen weak muscles in your foot or insoles to support the arch of your foot
  • Prescribe plantar fascia stretches if needed, which is required to restore correct foot posture and walking biomechanics
  • Treat any stiff joints in your foot or ankle that can also affect the alignment or movement of your foot
  • Tape your foot which supports the arch of your foot and can relieve the strain on your plantar fascia
  • Advise you on the appropriate amount and type of physical activity to perform and what to avoid to reduce the severity of symptoms until your plantar fascia is appropriately treated.

Most importantly, without adequate rest and treatment the problem may become chronic. In addition to the above, you can also take the following simple steps to help speed up your recovery and prevent its recurrence:

  • Follow your physiotherapists guidelines regarding stretching of your plantar fascia and surrounding muscles, particularly before and after exercise
  • Wear supportive and well-fitting footwear if standing up for long periods or when exercising
  • Manage your weight by contacting a health professional for a healthy weight control plan.

If you are looking for a reliable and trusted physiotherapist, with the added bonus of having competitive prices, along with offering nutrition advice from a trusted dietitian, then visit Joslin Physiotherapy and Nutrition to start your physiotherapy treatment today. Phone (03) 9912 2000 now or Email us.

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